Brain injuries can be severe. Some injuries can affect one part of the brain whereas others can affect multiple parts. In such a case, several body and mind functions can be affected. If you or someone you know is suffering from acquired brain injury, then it’s helpful to know the different types of acquired brain injury so that you can deal with it.
This can be of two types: closed or open injury. Closed injury causes the brain to bounce around inside the skull. This can be due to severe shaking or a blow to the head. It can happen due to stretching or tearing of the brain tissue. Open injury happens when a bullet or other object fractures the skull and goes into the brain. These cause specific damage to the brain.
Traumatic brain injury includes contusions which happen due to bruising of the brain tissue. This occurs due to a severe blow to the brain. Diffuse Axonal injury is another type of injury that happens due to severe shaking of the brain, usually during a car accident or fall. This type of injury slows down the thinking process.
This type of injury occurs due to trauma-like stroke, infectious diseases, lack of oxygen, or tumours. Stroke causes interruption of blood supply to a certain part of the brain. This can happen when arteries are blocked. Blood clots, swelling of a blood vessel, or haemorrhage can also result in a stroke.
If the stroke occurs in the left hemisphere of the brain, then the right side of the body may become paralysed. The patient may experience a reduced right field of vision and there can be loss of speech or understanding.
If the stroke occurs in the right hemisphere of the brain, then there can be paralysis in the left side of the body. The patient may have difficulty in expressing emotions and he or she may have a short attention span.
Anoxic or Hypoxic injury is also a non-traumatic injury that happens because of a lack of oxygen in the brain due to respiratory problems, drowning, or heart attack. The person’s coordination and movement can be affected due to it.
Encephalitis, Meningitis, and Septicemia are also different types of non-traumatic injury that causes inflammation of the brain due to a virus. This can cause loss of memory, speech problems, and even paralysis.
Toxicity due to overconsumption of alcohol, prescribed drugs, or drugs can lead to non-traumatic injury. This can affect the normal functioning of the brain.
Now, as you know the different types of acquired brain injury and the consequences of them, you will be able to take care of a patient suffering from such injury.